allonym (the name of a person, usually a historical person, assumed by a writer)
antonomasia (the substitution of a title or epithet for a proper name, as in calling a sovereign "Your Majesty")
eponym (a person whose name is or is thought to be the source of the name of something, such as a city, country, or era. For example, Romulus is the eponym of Rome.)
heteronymous (being different names or terms but having correspondence or interrelationship, as mother and daughter)
onomastic (of, relating to, or explaining a name or names)
onomatopoeia (the formation or use of words such as buzz or murmur that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to)
synonymous (having the same or a similar meaning)
Definitions are taken from:
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Third Edition copyright © 1992 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Electronic version licensed from InfoSoft International, Inc. All rights reserved.
Webster's Third New International Dictionary, Unabridged. Merriam-Webster, 2002.
https://unabridged.merriam-webster.com (30 Sep. 2006).
English-Word Information: Word Info about English Vocabulary (wordinfo.info).